Infertility is a common human health disorder associated with their reproductive system, much like other diseases and disorders they face in their lifetime. People don’t need to feel ashamed or be stressed about being infertile as there is nothing to feel like it.
If it were some few decades back, people did not know much about what IVF treatment or surrogacy was and the only option that infertile couples had was to adopt a child. But today, with so much advancement in the world of science and technology, there are various IVF treatments through which an infertile couple can have a baby of their own.
Surrogacy is one such process where a surrogate mother is hired for giving birth or lending her womb to give birth to the child of the infertile couples who want to have a baby of their own biological genes but the female partner cannot conceive. The rates of Surrogacy in India is proof that people today are gradually accepting this method of having a baby rather than going for continuous IVF treatment when they cannot give birth to the child biologically.
Surrogacy and the surrogate mother
Well, if we say that the surrogate mother is the actual mother of the child, it won’t be technically wrong, more so when the gametes are her own as well, apart from her womb where the child grows. Many infertile couples opt for surrogate mothers in cases where the females either cannot conceive or cannot produce an ovum, the female gametes.
So, the surrogate mother is actually the biological mother of the child but she cannot claim to be one as the couples who hire her makes her sign such agreements which clearly mentions that she cannot have any right on the child after successful delivery and thereon, the legal parents would be the couples who lent her womb for the surrogacy process. The women who act as the surrogate mothers mainly do so due to their monetary requirements or it may be someone from the family as well.
The process of conventional surrogacy
This process is a not-so-common Surrogacy in India because the child born through this process has a biological or genetic link with the surrogate mother and thus, he or she may acquire characters of her as well.
In this process, the surrogate mothers receive the sperms from the male partner or a donor and thereby it is introduced to her through intrauterine insemination technique (IUI) or using the in-vitro fertilization process to facilitate fertilization and further growth of the embryo on her womb which leads to the childbirth. As she is the biological mother of the child in this process, couples mainly do not finalize this surrogacy process until they are left with no other option.
The process of gestational surrogacy
This process of surrogacy is a more preferred one amongst the infertile couples as in this process, the kid born do not possess any biological or genetic connection with the surrogate mother. In gestational surrogacy, the surrogate mother only lends her womb because the surviving mother cannot carry the embryo inside hers due to some clinical conditions.
Here, the gametes from the couples are fertilized and the zygote or the embryo is transferred to the fallopian tube or uterus of the surrogate mother through ZIFT and other techniques. As in this process, the gamete is entire of the mother and father and the surrogate mother only carries the baby, it works better for the couples as the child who takes birth is their own biological child.
The final take
But it doesn’t matter which process, the couple is opting for, it is always the presence of the surrogate mothers that bothers them in these kinds of treatments. But they must be assured that no surrogate mother can claim the child to be of hers and they sign the contract only after accepting all these clauses!